Nuclear Waste Facility Siting; 40 Years of Experience
James W Voss, EurIng, FNucI, CEng*, Andrew Newman**, Gerald Nagtzaam***
* Predicus LLC
** Nuclear Threat Initiative
*** Monash University
In this study, siting efforts for radioactive waste management facilities in democratic countries have been reviewed to identify common factors of success and failure. The study has considered facility siting efforts in the past 40 years. The study has considered storage and disposal facilities for low-level wastes (LLW), transuranic wastes (TRU), intermediate-level wastes (ILW), high-level wastes (HLW) and used nuclear fuel (UNF).
The study has reviewed thirty-nine facility siting efforts with the following results:
- 13 successes in Finland, Germany, Japan, Korea, Spain, Sweden and the US.
- 18 failures in Australia, Korea, the UK and the US.
- 8 ongoing efforts in Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and the US.
WMS Journal Volume 2, Issue 2